12bg.org is a project of the Army Air Corps Library and Museum. Volunteers are transcribing servicemen names and their awards from General Orders that we are publishing on this website for enthusiasts, families and researchers of genealogy and World War II history. The names on this honor roll of men assigned to the 12th Bombardment Group is not a complete list of all who served with the 12th, however, we are attempting to locate as many documents that have survived as possible. Sources of material include the US National Archives, Air Force Historical Research Agency and the records donated by individual servicemen and their families. We hope you will find this information useful and enjoyable. We are accepting volunteers help in this very large World War II project as we preserve this history and honor service.
Was activated on 15 January 1941. Initially trained with B-18, B-23, and PT-17 aircraft. Patrolled the west coast after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Redesignated 12th Bombardment Group (Medium) in December 1941.
Moved to the Middle East flying B-25s, July-August 1942, and assigned to Ninth AF. Attacked storage areas, motor transports, troop concentrations, airdromes, bridges, shipping, marshalling yards, and other targets in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Pantelleria, Lampedusa, Crete, Sicily, and Italy, August 1942-January 1944. Supported the Allied drive from Egypt to Tunisia, October 1942-April 1943.
Early in 1943 two squadrons operated with Twelfth AF, assisting Allied forces moving eastward across North Africa, while the other squadrons continued operations with Ninth AF, bombing enemy defenses along the Mareth Line. Received a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for action against the enemy in North Africa and Sicily from October 1942 to August 1943. While attached to 12th Air Force, Jun-Aug 1943, the group operated from bases in Tunisia and Sicily against targets in Pantelleria, Lampedusa, Sicily, and Italy. Assigned to Twelfth AF in Aug 1943 and operated primarily against targets in Italy until Jan 1944. Flew some missions to Albania and Yugoslavia.
Moved to India, February-April 1944, and assigned to 10th Air Force. Engaged chiefly in missions against the enemy in Burma, April 1944-May 1945. Bombed communications, military installations, and other objectives. Delivered ammunition to Allied forces at Imphal. Also attacked some targets in China. Began training with A-26 aircraft in the summer of 1945.
Col Charles G Goodrich, 6 May 1941
Col Edward N Backus, 16 Sep 1942
Lt Col William W Wilcox, 21 Sep 1943
Col Lloyd H Dalton Jr, c. 29 Sep 1944
Lt Col Samuel C Galbreath, 4 Sep 1945
Archival Combat Film Footage DVD of the 12th BG.
McChord Field, Wash, 15 Jan 1941
Esler Field, La, c. 21 Feb-3 Jul 1942
Deversoir, Egypt, c. 31 Jul 1942
Egypt and Libya, Oct 1942
Medenine, Tunisia, 3 Apr 1943
Sfax, Tunisia, c. 15 Apr 1943
Hergla, Tunisia, 2 Jun 1943
Ponte Olivo, Sicily, c. 2 Aug 1943
Gerbini, Sicily, c. 22 Aug 1943
Foggia, Italy, c. 2 Nov 1943
Gaudo Airfield, Italy, 19 Jan 1944
Tezgaon, India, c. 21 Mar 1944
Pandaveswar, India, 13 Jun 1944
Fenny, India, 16 Jul 1944
Pandaveswar, India, 8 Jun 1945
434th (94th): 1941-1942, 1942-1946.
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(1) Typing and Transcriptionists: One of our big projects is extracting data from the thousands of documents we have and putting this data into a database where we can display the information on a website such as this one. (2) Photography and Document Scanning.